Essay on Ganesh Chaturthi


Every year Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with great pomp and show in India. It is one of the biggest festivals of India. This is because Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated publicly.

The celebrations go on for a period of 10 days. It starts on Shukla Chaturthi which is the fourth day of the waxing moon period and ends on the fourteenth day known as Anant Chaturdashi. It is celebrated on the Bhadrapada month of the Hindu calendar which normally falls on August or September.

Why is Ganesh Chaturthi Celebrated?


Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated on account of the birthday of Lord Ganesha. It is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi.

Lord Ganesha is the son of Lord Shiva and goddess Parvati. He is known as the God of beginnings. He is also known as ‘Vigna harta’ means the one who remove obstacles. Ganesha is considered to be the symbol of wisdom, prosperity and good fortune.

People all over India offers puja and perform various rituals to remember as well as to please the Lord on this day. It was initially performed in every household. Later on, the Maratha King Shivaji publicised the event and made it open for people of all castes.


How is Ganesh Chaturthi Celebrated?


The celebrations of Ganesh Chaturthi takes place for a long period of 10 days. Various temporary stages known as Pandals are built for celebrating Chaturthi. Different rituals are performed each day.

It includes four rituals.

  • The first one is Pranapratistha. It involves the positioning of the idol or deity of Lord Ganesha into the pandals. This calls for a big celebration. People pray and sing various folk songs while bringing the deity to the Pandals. They play with colours as well.
  • The second stage is Shodasopachara. It involves praying to the lord and offering him puja.
  • The third stage is Uttarpuja. It involves a ceremony after which the deity can be moved from his position. After this ritual, the idol is moved among the public so that they can take his blessings.
  • The last stage is Ganpati Visarjan. At this stage, the idol is immersed into the river, sea or ocean. He is believed to go back to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati after the immersion.


It is believed that the Lord comes down to Earth for 10 days every year. He comes down and stay among people to understand them better.

Various functions take place during these 10 days. The pandals are filled with people. They gather together and sing and dance.


Where is it Mostly Celebrated?


Ganpati celebrations takes place in a very splendid way. It is the most important festival for the people of Maharashtra. Other states also take part in celebrations. It is a very colourful festival. Huge crowds can be seen in the pandals which are the temporary stages to carry on the puja.

One of the most significant part of Ganesh Chaturthi is the modaka. Without it the rituals remain incomplete. It is the prashad which is given out during the Puja. It is believed to be the favourite savoury of Lord Ganesha.

Thus, Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with great energy every year in India. It brings happiness and closeness among people. People from all castes and creed come together in a public platform to enjoy this event.